Daniel Lucius “Doc” Adams – Long Overlooked Baseball Pioneer

Wednesday July 25, 2012

Photo Courtesy of http://www.19cbaseball.com

Roger Raztenberger: (Special Guest Writer)- In searching for the origins of our National Pastime, it is important to seek out and recognize the individuals who were instrumental in its formation and development rather than perpetuate the myths and half-truths of the past. Daniel Lucius “Doc” Adams is one of the “forgotten” pioneers who has been overlooked, but should be recognized and enshrined in Cooperstown.

The origins of baseball have always been a little murky and shrouded in mystery. Everyone has heard the now discredited myth of Abner Doubleday, a distinguished Civil War general, being the father of baseball. It was an interesting story that led to the establishment of the National Baseball Hall of Fame in the idyllic village of Cooperstown, NY. However, it was just a story – mere fiction. The Hall of Fame now simply states, “The Doubleday Myth has since been exposed” adding, “It’s now accepted that Alexander Cartwright developed rules in the 1840s that are the basis for the modern game.” However, the accuracy of that assessment given the lack of acknowledgement of Adams and his contributions means there’s still work to do in order to get the story right.

Alexander Cartwright and Henry Chadwick have been honored with plaques for the roles that they played during the early days of the game. Doc Adams’ contributions compare favorably with, and some would argue even surpass those of Cartwright and Chadwick. However, Adams has not yet been accorded the same honor of membership in the National Baseball Hall of Fame’s exclusive club.

Photo by Karen O’Maxfield

Gary “Pops” O’Maxfield, Commissioner of the Friends of Vintage Base Ball (FoVBB) and co-founder (along with FoVBB President Karen O’Maxfield), is a baseball historian who has strong feelings about Adams’ place in baseball history.

“Daniel Adams is one of baseball’s true and verifiable founding fathers. As captain of the venerable New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club, the first modern baseball team, he helped to establish the game and the rules governing the New York style of play.” New York style was one of several regional variants of Base Ball and it was the one that evolved into the game that we know today.

In terms of the game’s evolution, he describes Adams as more of an innovator and articulate rules maker. “He established the base distances at 90 feet as opposed to walking off paces. He was the world’s first shortstop, inventing the position to assist fielders in getting the light weight balls of the era back in to the infield. It totally improved defensive strategy.”

Adams helped define the rule that adds the timeless charm to the game. “He helped establish the nine inning game instead of the first team to score a number of runs to win.” As Pops waxes poetically, “The drama of a nine inning game cannot be underestimated. It makes the game perfection!”

O’Maxfield is also quick to point out that Adams supported another, fundamental rule change. “Doc Adams was an advocate of the fly game, the one rule that totally changed the Knickerbocker early game into modern baseball.”

Besides his roles as innovator, rules maker, and leader, Adams nurtured the game during critical period when it was struggling to take hold. O’Maxfield describes Adams as “an advocate, elder statesman and wise teacher; a “Nestor” of the game by teaching it and coaching it to younger players so it would survive and flourish into the future. Without his counsel and advocacy, the game may have simply died off after the original Knickerbockers retired. It was that tenuous.”

Photo Courtesy of Karen O’Maxfield

Last year, the Friends of Vintage Base Ball held a Doc Adams Day to honor this pioneer. His great-granddaughters, Marjorie Adams and Nancy Downey were both in attendance for the event and exhibited buttons from Doc’s Knickerbocker uniform and a copy of the “Nestor of Ball Players” presented to Doc when he retired from the Knickerbockers.

Adams and Downey were presented with a framed scroll honoring their great-grandfather for his contributions to the game.

To summarize the highlights of Doc Adams’ contributions to the game:

  1. He played for both the New York Base Ball Club and the New York Knickerbockers. The latter of which was one of the first organized baseball teams which played under a set of rules similar to the game today.
  2. He served as the New York Knickerbocker president for 6 years and on the board, in other roles, for another 6 years.
  3. He created the shortstop position.
  4. He personally made baseballs and oversaw the making of bats, not only for the Knickerbockers but also for other New York City-based clubs in an effort to standardize the game’s equipment.
  5. The New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club awarded him an honorary membership and passed a resolution naming him the “Nestor of Ball Players“.
  6. He headed the Committee to Revise the Constitution and By-Laws of the National Association of Base Ball Players (NABBP):
  • The distance between bases was fixed at 90 feet and pitcher’s base to home at 45 feet.
  • The length of games was established at 9 innings.
  • He supported nine-man baseball teams.
  • He advocated the fly-game, that is, not to allow first-bound catches

Photo by Karen O’ Maxfield

The Friends of Vintage Base Ball wants to see Adams get his due recognition to help correct a 70 year-old oversight by the Hall Of Fame. As more research comes to light, Adams credentials unquestionably warrant his inclusion in the Hall. His grandson started to educate the public as far back as 1939 and the Adams’ great-granddaughters continue to press for this horrible oversight to get rectified.

O’Maxfield puts it simply, “The FoVBB fully support this effort to set history straight and get Doc the recognition he justly deserves. It’s part of our mission to teach history.”

If you share a passion for the game of baseball, please take a few minutes to read and sign a petition to help recognize Daniel Lucius “Doc” Adams as one of the individuals instrumental in the development of the game that we know and love today. Also, help spread the word through social media, word of mouth, etc. so that we may garner as much support as possible in the short period of time before the ballot is finalized in September. Voting will occur at the 2012 Winter Meetings and any elected nominees will be inducted in July 2013.

For additional biographical information on Doc Adams, please visit the Society of American Baseball Research’s Baseball Biography Project and read “Doc Adams Biography”. Also, check out Baseball Chronology’s “Baseball Pioneers: Doc Adams”.

Doc Adams

The Friends of Vintage Base Ball promotes living history by bringing the 19th century to life through base ball events that use the rules, equipment, costumes and culture of the 1860s–1880s. They provide cultural enrichment and educational programs and activities to youth and adults that emphasize honor, team play, respectful conduct, and community pride. Its Coltsville Vintage Base Ball League plays doubleheaders most Saturdays, May through August, at the historic Hartford Base Ball Grounds at Colt Meadows in Hartford, CT.

Putting on my game face with my two sons, Danny and Bobby, fellow members of the Coltsville Vintage Baseball League’s Alert Fire Hose Company.

*** A big thank you goes out to our Special Guest Writer: Roger Ratzenberger  for preparing today’s featured article. To read more about Roger’s baseball journey click here ***

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About chuckbooth3023

I played competitive baseball until 18 years old and had offers to play NCAA Division 1 University Baseball at Liberty University. Post-concussion symptoms from previous football and baseball head injuries forced me to retire by age 19. After two nearly made World Record Attempts in 2008, I set a New World Record by visiting all 30 MLB Parks (from 1st to last pitch) in only 24 Calendar Days in the summer 0f 2009. In April of 2012, I established yet another new GWR by visiting all 30 Parks in only 23 Calendar Days! You can see the full schedule at the page of the www.mlbreports.com/gwr-tracker . In 2015, I watched 224 MLB Games, spanning all 30 MLB Parks in 183 Days. Read about that World Record Journey at https://mlbreports.com/183in2015/229sked2015/

Posted on July 25, 2012, in The Rest: Everything Baseball and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 2 Comments.

  1. Hey Baseball fans!

    Help put Daniel Lucius “Doc” Adams of the New York Knickerbockers in the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

    I’d like to ask you to take a few minutes to support a petition that will hopefully lead to the recognition of Daniel Lucius “Doc” Adams as a pioneer of the game of baseball through enshrinement in the National Baseball Hall of Fame. It’s about time that baseball honored those that helped develop and nurture the game rather than perpetuate myths and half truths.

    Please take a few minutes and check out and “sign” the petition and feel free to share it with your friends and family.

    Thanks for your time and support.


  1. Pingback: Daniel Lucius "Doc" Adams for the Hall of Fame - The Ratzenberger Attic

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